Faculty & Staff

Charles P. Egeland

Charles Egeland

Assistant Professor
Biological Anthropology and Paleoanthropology
Ph.D., Indiana University, 2007
Email: cpegelan@uncg.edu
Curriculum Vitae
See my Blog

Research Interests

  • Human Evolution
  • Paleolithic Archaeology
  • Zooarchaeology
  • Vertebrate Taphonomy
  • Paleoenvironmental Studies
  • Hunter-Gatherer Ecology

Courses Taught

  • ATY 253: Introduction to Biological Anthropology
  • ATY 331:  Human Biological Variation
  • ATY 341: Paleolithic Archaeology
  • ATY 357:  Monkeys, Apes, and Humans
  • ATY 359: Forensic Anthropology
  • ATY 361: Methods in Biological Anthropology
  • ATY 477: Zooarchaeology
  • ATY 455: Human Evolution
  • ATY 557: Primate Behavior

Personal Statement

My overarching research program is geared towards tracking the interactions of Paleolithic (stone tool-using) human cultures with their environments. I approach this within an evolutionary framework generally, and a behavioral ecological perspective (i.e., how behavior contributes to reproductive success) specifically. My methodological specialty is the identification and analysis of animal bones (zooarchaeology), which can inform human paleoecology through the reconstruction of both diet and subsistence behavior and ancient environments. Much of my research is also grounded in and informed by: (1) taphonomy, or how sites transition from the biosphere to the lithosphere and (2) actualism, or the observation of contemporary processes and their effects, in both tightly controlled experimental and more naturalistic contexts, to give meaning to the prehistoric record. I am also a committed teacher and regularly involve students in my research: I strive to engage students with material in such a way as to encourage life-long learning.

Books

  • Deconstructing Olduvai: A Taphonomic Study of the Bed I Sites.  (with M. Domínguez-Rodrigo and R. Barba, Springer, 2007)

Articles

  • CP Egeland, B Gasparian, D Arakelyan, CM Nicholson, A Petrosyan, R Ghukasyan, RM Byerly (In press) Results of reconnaissance survey for Paleolithic sites in the Debed River Valley (Lori Depression, northern Armenia). Journal of Field Archaeology.
  • CP Egeland, T Kellberg Nielsen, M Byø, PC Kjægaard, NK Larsen, F Riede (2013) The taphonomy of fallow deer (Dama dama) skeletons from Denmark and its bearing on the pre-Weichselian occupation of northern Europe by humans.  Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences (DOI 10.1007/s12520-013-0117-8) (view PDF)
  • CP Egeland, CM Nicholson, B Gasparian (2010) Using GIS and ecological variables to identify high potential areas for paleoanthropological survey: an example from northern Armenia.  Journal of Ecological Anthropology, 14: 89-98. (view PDF)
  • M Domínguez-Rodrigo, A Mabulla, HT Bunn, R Barba, F Diez-Martín, CP Egeland, E Espílez, AG Egeland, J Yravedra, P Sánchez (2009) Unraveling hominid behavior at another anthropogenic site from Olduvai Gorge (Tanzania): new archaeological, taphonomic and technological research at BK, Bed II. Journal of Human Evolution 57: 260-283. (view PDF)
  • CP Egeland, M Domínguez-Rodrigo (2008) Taphonomic perspectives on hominid site use and foraging strategies during Bed II times at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Journal of Human Evolution 55: 1031-1052. (view PDF)

Current Projects

I am involved in two major projects. The first is the Lori Depression Paleoanthropological Project (LDPP), which I co-direct with my colleague Boris Gasparian of the Armenian Academy of Sciences. Our goal is to document the Paleolithic settlement of northern Armenia and, since 2009, we have discovered 23 open-air sites and are in the process of excavating several of them. The second involves excavations at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, which, in addition to being the world’s most well-known paleoanthropological site, is part of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area UNESCO World Heritage Site. Since 2012, I have directed excavations in the DK area of the gorge. Dated at nearly 1.9 million years ago, DK is one of the gorge’s oldest archaeological localities. This research is conducted in concert with The Olduvai Paleoanthropology and Paleoecology Project (TOPPP), an international, collaborative, and trans-disciplinary endeavor focused on tracking environmental changes and early hominin behavior between about 2 and 1 million years ago.

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