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Gary D. Martinie

Gary Martinie
Title Visiting Associate Professor
Expertise Analytical Chemistry, Process Chemistry, Fuel and Petroleum Chemistry, Polymer Science, Catalysis, and Environmental Chemistry
Education B.S., Eastern Illinois University, 1966
Ph.D., Northern Illinois University, 1975
Office Sullivan Science Building, Rm 409
Phone 336.256.0069
E-Mail Email Dr. Martinie

Research Overview

NUCLEAR  MAGNETIC RESONANCE: A recent project involves the use of fluorine-19, silicon-29, and boron-10 and boron-11 NMR to elucidate the chemistry and reactions of oil well acidizing hydrofluoric acid with reservoir rocks.  Another NMR project is to utilize tungsten-183 NMR to study the modification of lacunary heteropolytungstates to form more active catalysts for hydrocarbon oxidation and epoxidation, and for oxidative desulfurization.  We have used silicon-29 NMR for qualitative and quantitative fate studies of silicone antifoam agents in the diglycolamine gas sweetening process.  Rhodium-103 NMR was employed to ascertain the fate and oxidation chemistry of rhodium (I) hydrido carbonyl tris-triphenylphosphine hydroformylation catalysts in the new ARCO butanediol process.  Cobalt-59 NMR has been utilized to study the poisioning, inhibition, and re-activation of sulfono-porphyrin cobalt (III) Merox LP-gas treating catalysts.  A recent ACS presentation describes our use of lead-207 NMR to study the composition, chemistry, reactions, and impurities in tetraalkyl lead octane improvers for gasoline.

 CHROMATOGRAPHY:  Developing new protocols for synthesis, identification and measurement of heavy alkyl benzothiophene and dibenzothiophene sulfur species in fuel and petroleum using capillary GC sulfur selective chemiluminescent, flame photometric, and Mass Spec detectors.  Studying synthesis, purification, manufacturing processes, degradation, and remediation of fatty acid imidazoline mine flotation agents and corrosion inhibitors using HPLC and LC-Mass Spec. 

 PROCESS CHEMISTRY & CATALYSIS: Conceived and developed completely new process to produce allyl alcohol, butanediol, hydroxybutyraldehyde, γ-butyrolactone, N-methylpyrollidone, tetrahydrofuran, and 2-methylpropanediol, starting with propylene oxide.  Four world scale commercial plants have been built in Ningbo, China, Rotterdam, Marseilles, and Houston.  Discovered and developed new, highly selective, molybdenum (VI) dioxo dialkyleneglycolate homogeneous catalyst for the epoxidation of propylene to produce propylene oxide.

 FUEL CHEMISTRY: Development of a new efficient process and new oxidation catalysts to produce ultralow sulfur diesel (Oxford University: The Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory).  Development of new two-stage catalytic reforming catalyst for producing higher aromatics and octane gasoline reformate (UOP).  Development of a process to produce a new high-hydrogen, low-sulfur fuel for fuel cells based on petroleum naphtha (Epyx Corp.).  Development of new isomerization catalysts to produce higher yield and higher octane mid-range naphtha isomerate (King Abdul-Aziz City for Science and Technology).  Development of highly selective new hydrotreating for FCC gasoline to improve octane and avoid saturation of olefins while removing sulfur (King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals).  Development of new diesel hydrotreating catalysts to produce ultralow sulfur diesel and reduce aromatics saturation and hydrogen consumption (The Royal Institution of Great  Britain and Imperial College London).  A project with Southwest Research Institute: to develop a process and catalyst to manufacture a new alkyate fuel for Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition Engines to satisfy the fuel requirements and compression ignition temporal phasing profile for the HCCI Engine.  Development of new oxygenate, metallane, and metallocene fuel additives for octane improvement (University of Utah, Associated Octel and Ethyl Corp.).  Development of analytical methods including multinuclear NMR and Inductively Coupled Plasma Emission Gas Chromatography for the evaluation of fuel additives.

 PETROLEUM CHEMISTRY: Multiple international projects to economically develop new processes to desulfurize-sweeten sour heavy crude oils, using supercritical extraction (Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe), sonochemistry (Sulphco & University of Illinois), microbial desulfurization Energy Biosystems), catalytic oxidation (Oxford University), hydrotreating (King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals), and other methods.

 GAS PROCESSING: Developing inhibitors for the prevention of mopholine formation, accumulation, and removal in diglycolamine gas processing fluids.  Developing process to decrease and inhibit foaming in amine gas treating due to degradation of silicone gas treating antifoams and formation of volatile cyclic dimethylsiloxanes.  Development of new process to remove dimethylsulfide and other sulfur species from liquefied petroleum gases.  Study of the poisoning and deactivation of γ-alumina Klaus catalysts. 

REPRESENTATIVE PUBLICATIONS

  1. Martinie; Gary Dean; (Dhahran, SA) ; Shabrani; Fahran M.A.; (Dhahran, SA) ; United States Patent 7,914,669  (To The Saudi Arabian Oil Company), “Reactive Extraction of Sulfur Compounds from Hydrocarbon Streams” , March 29, 2011.
  2. Martinie; Gary Dean; (Dhahran, SA) ; Shabrani; Fahran M.A.; (Dhahran, SA) ; Dabbousi; Bashir O.; (Dharan, SA), United States Patent Application 20100300938 A1: (To The Saudi Arabian Oil Company)  “Process for Oxidative Conversion of Organosulfur Compounds in Liquid Hydrocarbon Mixtures”, Filed December 2, 2010.
  3. Martinie; Gary Dean; (Dhahran, SA) ; Shabrani; Fahran M.A.; (Dhahran, SA) ; Dabbousi; Bashir O.; (Dharan, SA), United States Patent 7,744,749 B2 (To The Saudi Arabian Oil Company),  “Diesel Oil Desulfurization by Oxidation and Extraction”, June 29,2010.
  4. Martinie; Gary Dean; (Dhahran, SA) ; Shahrani; Fahran M.A.; (Dhahran, SA) ; United States Patent 7,713,399 B2 (To The Saudi Arabian Oil Company),  “Process for Treating a Sulfur-Containing Spent Caustic Refinery Stream using a Membrane Electrolyzer Powered by A Fuel Cell”, May 11, 2010.
  5. Farhan Al-Shahrani, Tiancun Xiao, Simon A. Llewellyn, Sami Barri, Zheng Jiang, Huahong Shi, Gary Martinie and Malcolm L.H. Green, “Desulfurization of diesel via the H2O2 oxidation of aromatic sulfides to sulfones using a tungstate catalyst”, Applied Catalysis B: EnvironmentalVolume 73, Issues 3-4, 11 May 2007, Pages 311-316. 
  6. Farhan M. Al-Shahrani, Tiancun Xiao, Gary D. Martinie, Malcolm L. H. Green, United States Patent Application20090200206 A1: (To Oxford University and The Saudi Arabian Oil Company) “Catalytic Process For Deep Oxidative Desulfurization Of Liquid Transportation Fuels”, Filed March 5, 2007.
  7. Gary Martinie, Mohammad Farhat Ali, Abdullah Al-Malki, Bassam El-Ali, Mohammad N. Siddiqui, “Deep Desulphurization of Gasoline and Diesel Fuels Using Non-Hydrogen Consuming Techniques”, Fuel, Volume 85, Issues 10-11, Pages 1354-1363, July-August 2006.
  8. Ki-Hyouk Choi, Hussein M. Al-Yami,  Gary D. Martinie, Syed Ahmed Ali, “HDS of FCC Gasoline over Hydrotreating Catalysts”, Proceedings of The Division of Petroleum Chemistry for the 231st  ACS National Meeting,Atlanta, GA, March 26-30, 2006
  9. Martinie, Gary D., Al-Shahrani, Farhan M., and Dabbousi, Bashir O., United States Patent Application 20070051667 A1: (To The Saudi Arabian Oil Company) “Diesel Oil Desulfurization by Oxidation and Extraction”, Filed March 8, 2007.
  10. Martinie, Gary D. and Al-Shahrani, Farhan M., World Patent and US Patent Application WO 2005/066313 A3: (To The Saudi Arabian Oil Company) “Reactive Extractive Removal of Thioethers, Mercaptans, Disulfides, and Other Sulfur Species from Natural Gas, Liquefied Natural Gas, Natural Gas Liquids and Light Petroleum Fractions”, Filed July 21, 2005.
  11. Dabbousi, Bashir Osama, Al-Khawajah, Anwar Hasan,  Martinie, Gary Dean, United States Patent: 6,884,531 B2: (To The Saudi Arabian Oil Company) Liquid Hydrocarbon Based Fuels for Fuel Cell On-Board Reformers, April 26, 2005.
  12. Al-Shahrani, Farhan, Martinie, Gary D., and Dabbousi, Bashir O., “Design and Development of New Metallane Additives for Gasoline”, The Royal Institution of Great Britain, Davy-Faraday Seminar Series, London, UK, March 29, 2003.
  13. Martinie, Gary D., Al-Shahrani, Farhan, and Dabbousi, Bashir O., “Study of Oxygenate and Metallane Octane Enhancers in Saudi Arabian Gasolines”, Proceedings of The 225th ACS National Meeting, New Orleans, Louisiana, March 23-27, 2003.
  14. Martinie, Gary D., Al-Ghamdi,  Mohammed A., Perzanowski, Herman and Jaber, M. A., “Evaluation and Measurement of Tetraethyl Lead and Impurities by Lead-207 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance”, Proceedings of The 225th ACS National Meeting,New Orleans, Louisiana, March 23-27, 2003.
  15. Martinie, Gary D. “Alternatives to Hydrotreating Diesel: The Chemical Attack on Refractory Thiophenic Sulfur”, Proceedings of The Fifth International Conference on Chemistry in Industry, Special Session on Global Sulfur Challenges, Manama, Bahrain, October 14-16, 2002.
  16. Martinie, Gary D., “Molecular Basis for Synergism Between Polyurethane Stabilizers”, Proceedings of The Fifth International Conference on Chemistry in Industry, Manama Bahrain, October 22-24, 2002.
  17. Martinie, Gary D., Ebtesan Tartir, and Mohammed Al-Ghamdi, “Advances in Catalytic Epoxidation Technology”, Proceedings of The Tenth Saudi-Japanese Symposium on Catalysts in Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Research Institute, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, November 19-20, 2000.
  18. Martinie, Gary D., Dabbousi, B. O., and Al-Khawajah, Anwar, “Development, Design, and Evaluation of Hydrocarbon Based Fuels for Fuel Cell On-Board Reformers”, Proceedings of The Tenth Saudi-Japanese Symposium on Catalysts in Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Research Institute, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, November 19-20, 2000.
  19. Martinie, Gary D., Al-Kaltham, Abdulaziz, Al-Katheri, Mohammad, Al-Muali, Jasem, Saudi Aramco, and Stephan Moran and Bob Jackson, Huron Technology, “Electrochemical Process for Spent Caustic Regeneration”, Proceedings of The World Petroleum Congress, Calgary, Canada, June10-16, 2000.
  20. Martinie, G. D., Dabbousi, B. O., Al-Ghamdi, M. A., Al-Kaltham, A. A., “Octane Number Improvement for Premium Gasoline”,Proceedings of The World Petroleum Congress, Calgary, Canada, June10-16, 2000.
  21. Dabbousi, B. O., Al-Khawajah, Anwar, and Martinie, Gary D., “Design, Development, and Evaluation of Hydrocarbon Based Fuels for Fuel Cell On-Board Reformers”, Proceedings of The World Petroleum Congress, Calgary, Canada, June10-16, 2000
  22. Martinie, G. D., M. Al-Ghamdi, H. A. Nasr-El-Din, J. Hopkins, “Application of 19F NMR in Sandstone Stimulation”, Proceedings of The International Conference on Chemistry in Industry, Manama, Bahrain, Nov. 15, 2000.
  23. Martinie, Gary D., Harruff, L. Greg, and Rahman, Abdul, “Improving Fractionation Lowers Butane Sulfur Level at Saudi Gas Plants”, Oil and Gas Journal, October 12, 1998.