Well-known results on the avoidance of large squares in (full) words include: (1) Fraenkel and Simpson showed that we can
construct an infinite binary word containing at most three distinct squares; (2) Entringer, Jackson and Schatz that there
exists an infinite binary word avoiding all squares of the form *xx* such that *|x|≥3*, and that the bound 3
is optimal; (3) Dekking that there exists an infinite cube-free binary word that avoids all squares *xx* with
*|x|≥4*, and that the bound of 4 is best possible. In this paper, we investigate these avoidance results in the
context of partial words, or sequences that may have some undefined symbols called holes. Here, a square has the form
*uv* with *u* and *v* compatible, and consequently, such square is compatible with a number of full words
that are squares over the given alphabet. We show that (1) holds for partial words with at most two holes. We prove that
(2) extends to partial words having infinitely many holes. Regarding (3), we show that there exist binary partial words
with infinitely many holes that avoid cubes and have only eleven full word squares compatible with factors of it. Moreover,
this number is optimal, and all such squares *xx* satisfy *|x|≤4*.

*Keywords*: Combinatorics on words; Partial words; Squares; Cubes.