### Employment Opportunities

### Graduate Student Perspective

### Highlights

- New concentrations in Actuarial Mathematics and Data Analytics
- Recent Visitors to the Department
- Undergraduate Research
- Department of Mathematics & Statistics Annual Reports
- Department of Mathematics & Statistics Self-Study
- The Math Help Center previously located in Petty 147 has moved to Curry 210 to a larger space where tutoring offerings have been enhanced.
- Journals associated with the Department
- Departmental Talks
- Joint JSNN and Department of Mathematics & Statistics Colloquia
- Helen Barton Lecture Series in Computational Mathematics
- Helen Barton Lecture Series in Mathematical Sciences
- Statistical Consulting Center offers consultation and advice to University researchers.
- Ph.D. program in Computational Mathematics
- UNCG Joins the Institute for Mathematics and its Applications
- Alumni Stories

### News and Announcements

**Welcome from the Department Head**

Welcome to the Department of Mathematics and Statistics at the University of North Carolina in Greensboro. The department offers a variety of outstanding undergraduate and graduate programs.

**November 19, 2016:**The Indian Society of Agricultural Statistics has awarded Professor Sat Gupta the Sankhyiki Bhushan Award (literal meaning: person of eminence in statistics). This award is given annually and is one of the most prestigious statistics award in India. The award is will be presented to Sat, in absentia, on the morning of November 21 in Hyderabad, India.**November 19, 2016:**Professor Sat Gupta was featured in UNCG's research magazine in an article entitled, "Survey Says...".**October 10, 2016:**Congratulations to Maya Chhetri for being chosen for The Award for Distinguished Service to the Department. She was recognized for her dedication to student success in mathematics and statistics, leading efforts to build a very successful Math Help Center, as well as promoting innovative pedagogy in the development of the Math Emporium. Both of these endeavors have garnered campus-wide recognition for the Department.**September 26, 2016:**Congratulations to Quinn Morris and Byungjae Son for being the chosen recipients of our inaugural Department of Mathematics and Statistics Graduate Student Excellence Awards in Teaching and Research. For more details, please see https://grs.uncg.edu/graduateawards/**May 2, 2016:**Undergraduate Math major (Statistics concentration) Emily Nance has won the 2015-16 Student Excellence Award! This Award is decided by the Honors Council of Lloyd International Honors College. She was honored at the 54th Student Honors Convocation on Wednesday April 27th in the EUC Auditorium.**April 15, 2016:**The second annual Quantitative Methodology Series will be taking place May 16-18, 2016. There will be four half-day workshops on topics in statistical methodology and software. For more information and to register: http://www.uncg.edu/mat/qms/**April 7, 2016:**Thomas Lewis has been selected to receive a Candace Bernard and Robert Glickman Dean's Professorship in the College of Arts & Sciences for the academic year 2016-17. This award will be announced at the College's End-of Year Celebration on Thursday, April 28, at 2 p.m. in Cone Ballroom.**March 31, 2016:**Departmental Systems Administrator Richard Cheek has been selected as one of the recipients to receive the 2016 College of Arts and Sciences Staff Excellence Award.**December 9, 2015:**Dr.s Rychtář, Shivaji, Pauli, and Rowell were featured in UNCG's research magazine in an article entitled, "Mathematicians walk on the wild side in growing UNCG focus".**November 11, 2015:**The Department hosted the 11th annual UNCG RMSC Conference on Nov 7, 2015. The conference was attended by a record number of 169 participants (128 students: 2 high-school, 88 undergraduate, 38 graduate students, and 41 faculty). The conference was very diverse as UNCG helps lead national efforts to increase opportunities for female and minority students in the science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields. Over 50% (68 out of 128 students and 85 out of 169 total) participants were female and nearly 20% (25 out of 128 students) were racial minorities. See full RMSC article here.**October 19, 2015:**The 35th annual Southeastern Atlantic Regional Conference on Differential Equations (SEARCDE) was held October 10-11, 2015, in the Sullivan Science Building at UNCG. Provost Dana Dunn opened the conference with welcoming remarks. The conference featured plenary lectures from 4 international leaders in differential equations, and over 90 contributed lectures in parallel sessions. One-hundred and twenty five researchers attended this conference.**August 13, 2015:**Ratnasingham Shivaji, Dr. Jerome Goddard (Auburn University - Montgomery), and Dr. James Cronin (Louisiana State University) have received an NSF award for three years for a total amount of \$594,840. UNCG's share will be \$203.834. The project is entitled, "Collaborative Research: Mathematical and Experimental Analysis of Ecological Models: Patches, Landscapes and Conditional Dispersal on the Boundary."**August 1, 2015:**Richard Fabiano, Maya Chhetri and Tom Lewis have received an NSF award of $24,000 to support The 35th Southeastern Atlantic Regional Conference in Differential Equations (SEARCDE). We will be hosting this conference at UNCG in October 10-11, 2015.**July 25, 2015:**Professors Jan Rychtar and Jonathan Rowell successfully completed the second summer of the NSF funded REU project in mathematical biology. They worked with 10 undergraduate students coming to UNCG for 10 weeks (mid May- end of July). The students came from Grinnell College, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Gonzaga University, Northern Kentucky University, Mercer University, UNCG (two students), Winthrop University, Florida Southern College, and Texas Christian University.**June 4, 2015:**There has been much publicity regarding the discontinuation of the BS-HS and BA-HS degrees. Please be assured that that we are continuing to prepare students for secondary licensure in mathematics through the High School Teaching Licensure concentration within the BA in mathematics major. Updates to our webpages will be completed soon.**May 29, 2015:**From May 18-22, 2015 the department hosted a Summer School entitled: Zeta Functions - New Theory and Computations. This workshop was supported by the NSF and attracted 29 participants, including 19 graduate students (6 UNCG and 13 external).**May 13, 2015:**The Department hosted the Central Region State Mathematics Contest Finals on April 30, 2015. Sixty-one students from middle schools and high schools in the central region of North Carolina came to UNCG to compete in three divisions.**May 8, 2015:**Dr. Clifford Smyth received a Simons Foundation Grant (Program: Collaboration Grants for Mathematicians) for his Project titled, "Collaboration in Combinatorics." This award will last from 2015 to 2020.**May 8, 2015:**Dr. Xiaoli Gao received a Simons Foundation Grant (Program: Collaboration Grants for Mathematicians) for her Project titled, "Robust Estimation and Signal Approximation for High-dimensional Data." This award will last from 2015 to 2020.**May 8, 2015:**Jan Rychtar, Ratnasingham Shivaji, Greg Bell, Dan Yasaki and Sebastian Pauli received a grant (approximate total value of $6500) from Mathematical Association of America to support the Preparation for Industrial Careers in Mathematical Sciences (PIC Math) project for the undergraduate students at The University of North Carolina at Greensboro. This project will be coordinated with Dr. Hyunju Oh from Bennett College who received a similar grant and it is a part of ongoing and growing collaboration between UNCG and Bennett College math departments.**May 7, 2015:**Ms. Stephanie Webster has been accepted to the Post-Baccalaureate Program in mathematics at the Center for Women in Mathematics at Smith College for the 2015-16 academic year.**April 14, 2015:**Dr. Jan Rychtar, Dr. Hyunju Oh (Bennett College) and Dr. Joon-Yeoul Oh (Texas A&M University-Kingsville) have received funding of $25,716 from the Mathematical Association of America's National Research Experience for Undergraduates Program (NREUP), funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and National Security Administration (NSA) for their project Game Theory and Applications.**April 13, 2015:**Departmental Faculty members Dr. Greg Bell and Dr. Tom Lewis have been selected for Faculty First Summer Scholarship Support Awards.**April 8, 2015:**Talia Fernos has been selected to receive a Candace Bernard and Robert Glickman Dean's Professorship in the College of Arts & Sciences for the academic year 2015-16. This award will be announced at the College's End-of Year Celebration on Tuesday, April 28, at 2 p.m. in Cone Ballroom.**March 31, 2015:**Dr. Jan Rychtar has been selected as this year's Thomas Undergraduate Research Mentor Award recipient. Dr. Rychtar will be honored on April 7th by the Undergraduate Research, Scholarship and Creativity Office.**March 24, 2015:**The campus community is invited to stop by the Virginia Dare Room of the Alumni House on**Monday, April 6th from 1:30-3:30 PM**to wish Dr. Paul Duvall farewell and best wishes in retirement after 28 years of service.**March 5, 2015:**Xiaoli Gao has been selected for a New Faculty Grant ($4,000).**March 5, 2015:**Carol Seaman has received an award of $2,500 from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC-CH) for her project "UNCG's NC Science Festival 'Science, Science Everywhere'".**February 5, 2015:**Haley Childers has been selected for one of the two 2015 UNCG Staff Excellence Awards. She will be recognized at a ceremony scheduled to be held on March 27, 9-11 a.m. at the EUC Auditorium. Her interview for the award can be viewed here.**January 31, 2015:**Dan Yasaki has been awarded an NSA Young Investigators Grant. His research Proposal, "Voronoi eduction Theory and Applications to Arithmetic Groups", has been selected for funding for years 2015 and 2016 for $40,000.**January 30, 2015:**Jan Rychtar and Dr. Hyunju Oh (Bennett College) have received a 2015-2016 CURM Faculty mini grant (total value of $21500) to work on research projects in game theory and mathematical biology with four undergraduate students from Bennett College during the 2015-2016 academic year. CURM is funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and by Brigham Young University.**January 12, 2015:**The Department of Mathematics and Statistics (through the collaboration with UNCG library) is starting The North Carolina Journal of Mathematics and Statistics. The journal will publish high quality, refereed, open access articles from all areas of Mathematics and Statistics at no charge to the authors. Greg Bell, Maya Chhetri, Sat Gupta, Sebastian Pauli, Jan Rychtar, Filip Saidak, and Jerry Vaughan are the founding editors of the journal and the editorial board is slowly expanding to eventually include faculty from all NC universities. Jan (Rychtar) will serve as the Editor-in-Chief.**November 17, 2014:**The first two Awards for Distinguished Service in the Department were presented to Haley Childers and Jan Rychtar. Haley was honored for sustained excellence as Business Services Coordinator, her willingness to assist beyond normal expectations, consistent cooperation and helpfulness, and initiative in performing tasks. Jan was honored for his dedication to undergraduate research, spearheading efforts to obtain external funding to support undergraduate research, and building a student research conference that has gained a national reputation for the Department and the University.**November 11, 2014:**On November 8-9, 2014 the Department hosted the Fall Southeastern Sectional Meeting of the American Mathematical Society (AMS). Over 420 mathematics researchers attended this conference, which featured 344 session talks, three invited addresses and a special Maclaurin lecture given by James Sneyd of the University of Auckland. The participants came to UNCG from 38 states and 15 different countries (representing all inhabited continents). Nine UNCG faculty organized special sessions, four faculty members delivered invited talks, five UNCG graduate students gave invited talks, and one UNCG Computational Mathematics PhD alumnus gave an invited talk.**November 5, 2014:**The Department hosted the 10th UNCG RMCS Conference on Nov 1, 2014. It was attended by a record number of 169 participants (127 students: 1 high-school, 85 undergraduate, 41 graduate students, and 42 faculty) from a total of 31 schools attended conference. The participants came from groups underrepresented in STEM disciplines (47 female students, 16 female faculty; and also 19 African American, and 9 Hispanic) The plenary lecture was delivered by Dr. Jerome Goddard II, Auburn University Montgomery. The students delivered a total of 65 presentations. 41 presentations were delivered by undergraduate students, 24 by graduate students.**October 27, 2014:**Mathematics major David Sykes applies game theory towards a Toxoplasmosis vaccine. Someone you know probably has Toxoplasmosis. The Taxoplasmosa gondii protozoan, which reproduces in cats but infects many other animals, resides in nearly 1 out of 4 people over the age of twelve. The good news: UNCG senior David Sykes is working on the logistics for a vaccine to eliminate the infection in cats.**October 24, 2014:**Professor Sat Gupta is one of the four recipients this year for the awards for "**Outstanding service for the cause of Statistics in North Carolina**" presented by the North Carolina Chapter of the American Statistical Association (NC-ASA). It is an award given every two years by the NC-ASA. The award was presented on October 11, 2014 at the banquet for the AISC 2014 International Conference held at UNCG.**October 12, 2014:**The Department hosted another successful International Conference on Advances in Interdisciplinary Statistics and Combinatorics on Oct 10-12, 2014. The conference this year had a total of 184 delegates. There were 162 presentations including 33 by students. There were six undergraduates among student presenters. There were 23 plenary talks by distinguished senior researchers. Four UNCG students also made presentations including two undergrads and two grads. Twenty eight young researchers were supported from a grant by NSF.**August 4, 2014:**Professors Jan Rychtar and Jonathan Rowell successfully completed the first summer of the NSF funded REU project in mathematical biology. They worked with 8 undergraduate students coming to UNCG for 10 weeks (mid May - end of July). The students came from Appalachian State University, Bennett College, Miami University, Michigan State University, NC State University, UNCG and UNC Wilmington.**June 25, 2014:**The Department of Math & Statistics hosted another successful UNCG Summer School in Computational Number Theory from May 19-May 23rd, 2014. This year there were 28 participants, including 17 graduate students (5 UNCG and 12 external) and one undergraduate student from UNCG. This project was supported by UNCG, the NSA , and the NSF.**June 11, 2014:**Dr. Haimeng Zhang received a two year (2013-2015) NSF research grant . The work on this grant will focus on the statistical analysis of global-scale processes and phenomena.**June 10, 2014:**The Tenth Mississippi State Conference on Differential Equations and Computational Simulations dedicated to Dr. Ratnasingham Shivaji in celebration of his 60th birthday, his outstanding contributions to Differential Equations, and his service to MSU.**June 10, 2014:**Dr. Ratnasingham Shivaji received a Simons Foundation Grant (Program: Collaboration Grants for Mathematicians) for his Project titled, "Analysis of nonlinear eigenvalue problems and applications." This award will last from 2014 to 2019.**June 2, 2014:**UNCG Math & Statistics Department faculty member, Dr. Thomas Lewis has been selected as a 2014-15 Project NExT Fellow.**May 9, 2014:**The Department of Mathematics and Statistics celebrated our 2013-2014 Graduates in our departmental graduation ceremony. Congratulations, Graduates!**May 1, 2014:**The Department of Mathematics and Statistics hosted the Central Region State Mathematics Contest Finals. Fifty-one students from 19 middle schools and high schools came to UNCG to compete in two divisions.**April 9, 2014:**The Department of Mathematics and Statistics will host the UNCG Summer School in Computational Number Theory from May 19-May 23, 2014. Participants include eleven students from all over the U.S., including two from the United Kingdom.**March 20, 2014:**UNCG Mathematics students Hollan Foltz and Austin Lawson have been awarded a Lloyd International Honors College Student Excellence Award, UNCG's highest academic honor for undergraduates.**March 12, 2014:**The Department of Mathematics and Statistics will host a Mathematical Biology REU (May 19-July 25, 2014) funded by NSF. Participants include eight students from all over the U.S., including one from UNCG.**February 24, 2014:**Dr. Philip K. Maini (Centre for Mathematical Biology, University of Oxford) to visit UNCG March 24-26, 2014 for the Helen Barton Lecture Series in Mathematical Sciences.**February 20, 2014:**Math & Stat faculty Talia Fernos and Jan Rychtar were recognized for their accomplishments at the "Celebration of Scholarship" event hosted at Scuppernong Books in downtown Greensboro.**November 25, 2013:**The department hosted a Graduate Tea, attended by faculty and graduate students. Research and advising topics were discussed throughout the event.**November 8, 2013:**The department hosted a Statistics Luncheon, attended by 15 faculty and staff. Ideas for increased collaboration among units for advancing statistics awareness and practice on campus were discussed.**November 2, 2013:**The department hosted the 9th Annual UNCG Regional Mathematics and Statistics Conference, featuring 157 participants from 35 schools.**October 9, 2013:**A dedication ceremony was held for the Jerry and Theresa Vaughan Conference Room in honor of the outstanding contributions of current professor Jerry Vaughan, and his late wife, Professor Theresa Vaughan.**September 20, 2013:**The student chapter of the Association for Women in Mathematics met for the first time. Led by Professor Talia Fernos, the group spent time getting to know one another and sharing stories about how they arrived at various points in their mathematical careers.**August 28, 2013:**The Department will host the 9th Annual UNCG Regional Mathematics and Statistics Conference on Saturday,**November 2, 2013**. The deadline for registration and abstract submission is**October 11, 2013**.**August 21, 2013:**The Department welcomed high school mathematics teachers in Guilford County "back to school" with a breakfast buffet at their annual district professional development day, held this year at Southwest Guilford High School. Dr. Tracey Howell and Dr. Carol Seaman, who represented the department at the event, will work with Martha Ray, Secondary Mathematics Curriculum Specialist for Guilford County Schools, during the upcoming school year to provide professional development for the county's high school math teachers.**August 6, 2013:**Professor Talia Fernos has been awarded a three year National Science Foundation research grant by the Division of Mathematical Sciences (Topology and Geometric Analysis Program). The work on this grant will focus on rigidity of isometric Hilbert space actions using the tool of low dimensional cohomology.**June 10, 2013:**The department hosted an end-of-the-year "Thank-You" luncheon for the mathematics department heads of all Guilford County High Schools at Mimi's Restaurant in Greensboro. Invited guests included Martha Ray and Ellen Lowe, Secondary Mathematics Curriculum Specialists of GCS, and Dr. Holt Wilson of the School of Education at UNCG.**April 29, 2013:**Dr. Greg Bell has been awarded funds to allow him to participate in IMA's program, "Scientific and Engineering Applications of Algebraic Topology". Dr. Bell will be at IMA for the Fall 2013 semester participating in this program.**April 29, 2013:**Dr. Jan Rychtar has received an award from the Mathematical Association of America (under the program National Research Experience for Undergraduates, funded by NSA and NSF). The grant title is "Game Theory and Applications".**April 29, 2013:**Dr. Clifford Smyth has been awarded a Bernard-Glickman Dean's Professorship for 2013-14. This professorship recognizes the accomplishments and potential of outstanding junior faculty in the College of Arts and Sciences. Dr. Smyth will receive a one-time salary stipend and research fund.**April 15, 2013:**Dr. Talia Fernos received a grant award from Simons Foundation for Project, "Low Dimensional Cohomology and the Geometry of Hilbert Space" in Program "Collaboration Grants for Mathematicians" that will last from 2013 to 2018 as well as a New Faculty Grant and Summer Excellence Research Award from the University.**February 26, 2013:**Dr. Carol Seaman will serve as a Co-PI on an NC Quest grant recently awarded to UNCG. The project, "Core Math II: Assisting Teachers' Implementation of the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics with Learning Trajectories, Reform-Oriented Pedagogy, and Instructional Support," will empower public school teachers to better implement the state's new math standards in their classrooms.**February 1, 2013:**The UNCG Summer School in Computational Number Theory on Computational Algebraic Number Theory (May 20-24, 2013) is accepting applications until**March 15, 2013**.**February 1, 2013:**The department is now accepting applications (**deadline April 1, 2013**) for Departmental Scholarships for math majors and graduate students.**November 15, 2012:**UNCG Research congratulates Dr. Carol Seaman on receiving an award for her recent conference paper, "Sociomathematical norms and mathematical sophistication: a qualitative case study of an inquiry-based mathematics course for preservice elementary teachers."**September 17, 2012:**The department opens search for new Statistics faculty member. See the departmental Employment Opportunities.**September 12, 2012:**Two new faculty searches in Computational Mathematics are underway in the department. See the departmental Employment Opportunities.**July 17, 2012:**On October 5-7, 2012, UNCG will host a major international conference on Advances in Interdisciplinary Statistics and Combinatorics (AISC). The current North Carolina Chapter President for the American Statistical Association, Sat N. Gupta, will serve as conference chair.**July 17, 2012:**Dr. Jan Rychtar received a grant award from Simons Foundation for Project, "Game-theoretical models in biology" in Program "Collaboration Grants for Mathematicians" that will last from 2012 to 2017.**July 17, 2012:**Dr. Clifford Smyth received a grant award from Simons Foundation for Project, "Collaboration in Combinatorics" in Program "Collaboration Grants for Mathematicians" that will last from 2012 to 2017.**July 17, 2012:**On June 18-27, 2012, Ph.D. Student Abraham Abebe and Lecturer Dagny Butler attended the IMA workshop, "Mathematical Modeling in Industry XVI: A Workshop for Graduate Students" at the University of Calgary.**July 12, 2012:**Dr. Jan Rychtar has been appointed to Interim Director of the Office of Undergraduate Research for 2012-13.**June 25, 2012:**Dr. Jan Rychtar receives grant award from the National Science Foundation for The 8th Annual UNCG Regional Mathematics and Statistics Conference.**June 19, 2012**Departmental student, Anna Tuck, recently completed the Undergraduate Workshop at the Statistical and Applied Mathematical Sciences Institute (SAMSI).**May 29, 2012:**Mathematics and Statistics Department Head, Dr. Ratnasingham Shivaji, has been appointed the Helen Barton Excellence Professor in Mathematics.**April 24, 2012:**Departmental Professor Paul Duvall wins the Senior Faculty Teaching Excellence Award from the College of Arts and Sciences**April 24, 2012:**One of our undergraduate majors, Ms. Anna Tuck, a Phi Beta Kappa and a Pi Mu Epsilon member, has been awarded the Student Excellence Award, UNCG's highest academic honor for undergraduates. She also received acceptance to a UC Berkeley workshop "Explorations in Statistics Research".**April 24, 2012:**Carol Seaman was chosen to be one of 30 participants in UNCG's inaugural 2012 Leadership Institute. Participation includes attending monthly workshops from February through December 2012, participating in a team project to solve an institutional issue or problem, and meeting with a coaching mentor (Provost David Perrin) several times during the year. The mission of the Leadership Institute is to develop and promote a culture of innovation and leadership consistent with the goals of UNCG's Strategic Plan 2009-2014, UNCG Tomorrow.**April 24, 2012:**Sat Gupta is the new president of the North Carolina Chapter of the American Statistical Association.**April 24, 2012:**The Math Help Center will move to Curry 210 in the summer to start in Fall 2012.**April 24, 2012:**Vicky and Gene Langley are forming the Vicky Langley Math Scholarship, which will be available starting September 2012. Preference for these awards will be given to students whose intention is to teach at the secondary level.**February 9, 2012:**UNCG joins the Institute for Mathematics and its Applications as a participating institution.**January 9, 2012:**Math tutors available at the Math Help Center starting January 17**January 1, 2012:**Sat Gupta elected President of the North Carolina Chapter of the American Statistical Association.-
**January 1, 2012:**Accepting applications for Undergraduate Research Awards in Mathematics and Statistics -
**January 1, 2012:**Accepting applications for Departmental Scholarships -
**November 5, 2011:**More than 160 participants attended the The 7th Annual Regional Undergraduate Mathematics Conference -
**August 1, 2011:**Ratnasingham Shivaji as new Department Head

### Math is useful and beautiful...

Visit online at: weusemath.org### What's so sexy about math?

From: Cédric Villani's February 2016 TED Talk### Events

- The 12th Annual UNCG Regional Mathematics and Statistics Conference (November 12, 2016)
- International Conference on Advances in Interdisciplinary Statistics and Combinatorics (September 30 - October 2, 2016)
- The 26th Palmetto Number Theory Series (PANTS XXVI) September 17-18, 2016
- Math-Bio REU at UNCG (May 15 - July 22, 2016)
- UNCG Summer School in Computational Number Theory (May 30th - June 3rd, 2016)
- The Second Annual Quantitative Methodology Series (May 16-18, 2016)
- North Carolina State High School Math Contest (April 28, 2016)
- The 11th Annual UNCG Regional Mathematics and Statistics Conference (November 7, 2015)
- The 35th Southeastern Atlantic Regional Conference on Differential Equations (October 10-11, 2015)
- Math-Bio REU at UNCG (May 18-July 24, 2015)
- AMS Sectional Meeting at UNCG See Google
**map for AMS guests here**. (November 8-9, 2014) - The 10th Annual UNCG Regional Mathematics and Statistics Conference (November 1, 2014)
- International Conference on Advances in Interdisciplinary Statistics and Combinatorics (October 10-12, 2014)
- Math-Bio REU at UNCG (May 19-July 25, 2014)
- UNCG Summer School in Computational Number Theory (May 19-23, 2014)
- AMS Sectional Meeting at UNCG (November 8-9, 2014)
- Graduate application deadlines
- North Carolina State High School Math Contest (April 25, 2013)
- UNCG Summer School in Computational Number Theory (May 20-24, 2013)
- The 9th Annual UNCG Regional Mathematics and Statistics Conference (November 2, 2013)