Department of Public Health Education

Research Projects

CITIES PROJECT

Dan Bibeau, Mark Schulz, Guarav Dave (MPH student), and Angela Tiberia (MPH student) are collaborating with Forsyth Medical Center and Moses Cone Health System on the CITIES project. CITIES is a project to reduce strokes among citizens in Forsyth and Guilford counties. The four year project is funded by the USDHHS Office of Minority Health. Activities to reduce strokes include community-wide education, screening and referral programs for citizens in both counties, and more intensive screening and education interventions with selected churches and worksites.

CULTURAL ADAPTATION RESOURCES PLANNING (CARP) GRANT

The purpose of this project is to identify and document resources available to assist newly arrived and recent immigrants with adapting to living in Guilford County. The aim is to map provider services for addressing food insecurity, nutrition, chronic illness and HIV/AIDS in new and recently arrived immigrant households. Funded by UNCG´s External Proposal Development Incentive Program (EPDIP). (Co-PI= Sharon Morrison)

ENUMERATION OF PUBLIC HEALTH EDUCATION WORKFORCE IN GOVERNMENTAL PUBLIC HEALTH

Kay Lovelace and Dan Bibeau are working with faculty from East Carolina University to understand the roles and responsibilities of health educators who work in governmental public health in North Carolina. Among the research issues investigated are: 1) roles and responsibilities of health educators; 2) health educators´ work with teams and coalitions; 3) health educators´ use of information technology; and 4) health educators´ levels of practice in terms of the socioecological model.

EVALUATION AND PROGRAM PLANNING SUPPORT FOR THE 5-A-DAY PROGRAM

Development of a National Evaluation for 5-A-Day.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Center for Chronic Disease Prevention. This project focuses on the development of a national evaluation plan and methodology to support 5-a-Day. (Vincent Francisco, Ph.D.)

HEALTH DISPARITIES AND STRESS

The American Medical Association reports that 80-85% of all human illness and disease can be attributed in part to stress. High risk behaviors such as violence, abusive behavior, drug use and irresponsible sex are also often related to stress. Starting with the premise that stress stems from a deficiency of coping skills, this project explores the connections between stress and health disparities. A book-length manuscript on this topic is being prepared for publication by Dr. Gruchow.

HIGH RISK SEXUALITY AND MASCULINITY IN BLACK COLLEGE MALES

Currently serve as the principal investigator for a study of masculine constructs among African American college students at UNCG and sexual risk behaviors for HIV/AIDS. This study is part of a larger study at UNCG called the "TRIAD Minority Health Center" funded by grant 5MD000519 NCMHD/NIH. (Robert Aronson, Dr.PH)

THE IMMIGRANT VCT ACCESS PROJECT

The purpose of this project is to train a cadre of immigrant community members to serve as peer educators for HIV testing and counseling. The aim is to reduce stigma about HIV and extend HIV testing and counseling services to African and Latino communities in Guilford County. The project is conducted in collaboration with UNCG´s Center for New North Carolinians (CNNC) and funded by Guilford AIDS Partnership (GCAP). (PI = Raleigh Bailey, Co-PI = Sharon D. Morrison)

THE INTEGRATED-SPECTRUM (I-S) MODEL OF HEALTH CARE

Taking advantage of recent advances in our understanding of decision-making and challenging the prevalent theories of health behavior, this model describes a perspective of health care in which four modes of care: health promotion, prevention, treatment, and functional support are integrated into a composite delivery system. With each mode defined in terms of how it relates to preventing, maintaining and/or restoring impaired function. the model is also a powerful tool for mapping the skill sets and competencies of all types of health care providers, for charting the influence of payment schemes in determining patterns of care, for linking consumers to appropriate forms of care, and for identifying gaps in services. A collaborative book-length manuscript describing this model is being written, under the direction of Dr. Gruchow.

LEADERSHIP GROUP FOR ADOLESCENT MEDICINE TRIALS NETWORK

Development of research and support for the Adolescent Trials Network for HIV/AIDS prevention among youth. National Institutes for Health, NICHD, subcontract from the University of Alabama Birmingham. This project supports work on the continual evaluation and prioritization of the scientific research agenda of the Adolescent Trials Network, focused on primary prevention of HIV transmission among high risk adolescents. (Vincent Francisco, Ph.D.)

NC EVALUATION OF LOCAL PUBLIC HEALTH PREPAREDNESS

Kay Lovelace, Dan Bibeau, and Erika Hernandez (MPH graduate) are collaborating with the NC Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response. Data for the evaluation were collected in Summer 2004. Currently, Drs. Lovelace and Bibeau are writing manuscripts that focus on levels of all hazards preparedness and relationships for preparedness among local public health departments and other community organizations that are responsible for preparedness.

OCCUPATIONAL SKIN DISEASE AMONG MINORITY FARMWORKERS

This project integrates results from in-depth qualitative research, a prospective surveillances study, and a clinic-based study to develop the first detailed assessment of the dermatological health disparities experienced by migrant and seasonal farmworkers. Principal investigator is Dr. Thomas Arcury from Wake Forest University and the project is funded by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. (Dr. Mark Schulz, Project Director)

PROJECT DIRECT

Currently serve as a consultant in evaluation and ethnographic research methods for a diabetes prevention demonstration project funded by the Division of Diabetes Translation, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (Robert Aronson, Dr.PH)

PICTURE ME TOBACCO FREE

This photovoice project trains youth action teams to use photography as a way to critically assess the impact of tobacco on their communities. The project is a collaborative effort between UNCG and the Center for Health and Healing of the General Baptist State Convention. In addition to creating dialogue among African American youth regarding tobacco use, each youth team is developing photo exhibits for their churches and communities and are developing local action plans based on their findings. (R.W. Strack, PhD & K.Lovelace PhD, Co-Principal Investigators; L. Laskofski MPH Student Investigator).

SAFE GUILFORD

UNCG is partnering with SAFE Guilford (Moses Cone Health Systems) in the planning and implementation of its health promotion efforts. A graduate student in the Public Health Education´s MPH program is assigned to assist SAFE Guilford with the coordination of data collection on intentional and unintentional injuries, the planning, implementation and evaluation of Best Practice interventions and the maintenance of the SAFE Guilford web site. (R.W. Strack, PhD)

SOCIAL CAPITAL AND HIV LITERACY IN AFRICAN AND HISPANIC IMMIGRANT WOMEN

The purpose of this research project is to explore the link between social capital and HIV literacy among African and Latina immigrant women residing in Guilford County. The project is part of a larger research effort, TRIAD Project for Health Disparities and is designed to address immigrant health disparities. It is funded by the National Center for Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIH), R24 EXPORT. (PI for EXPORT = Debra Wallace, PI for Pilot Project = Sharon D. Morrison)

YOUNG MEN'S SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH

The outcome of this federally-funded project was the scientific documentation of the effectiveness of comprehensive education models in changing knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of adolescent, teen and young adult males, leading to greater responsibility in their sexual and reproductive relationships. An article reporting on some of these results is the first publication in the list on the next page.

CENTER FOR WOMEN´S HEALTH AND WELLNESS RESEARCH

http://www.uncg.edu/cwhw/WHresearch.html, Dr. Paige Smith, Director