Department of History
219 McIver Building
History, at the most general level, provides students not just with the collective memory of their own national heritage but with an opportunity to gain perspective on this heritage by comparing it with the legacies of other nations and even other civilizations. Courses offered by the History Department, therefore, range from American through European history to histories of non-Western civilizations. In addition to giving students a knowledge of their own national development and a comparative perspective from which to evaluate it, history is designed to produce an awareness of the circumstances surrounding change and continuity over time and how both alter the quality of human life. This knowledge is important not only because human beings have difficulty in knowing where they are unless they know where they have been, but also because, in Santayana's words: "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it."
The History Major prepares students for career opportunities in a wide range of employment, where liberally educated minds can be turned to fruitful account. It offers an excellent general background for later, more specialized studies in fields such as law and journalism. A number of history majors go on to work in public service at the local, state, and federal levels or find employment in those areas of the private sector where a premium is put on a sound general education. Finally, many history majors employ their skills more directly: in the teaching profession (from the primary through graduate school levels), in museums and archives, or in the expanding field of historical preservation work.
The department offers programs leading to the Bachelor of Arts degree in history, the Master of Arts in history, and the degree of Master of Education with a concentration in history or social studies.
All 200-level courses are open to freshmen; all 300-level courses are open to sophomores; 400- and 500-level courses are open to juniors and seniors.
Required: 122 semester hours.
College of Arts and Sciences Liberal Education Requirements (CLER) (54-55 hours required)
All students must meet the All-University Liberal Education Requirements (AULER). The College of Arts and Sciences, however, has established liberal education requirements for its programs which, while including those of AULER, contain additional requirements in several categories. Therefore, students following this program should adhere to the College requirements. Please note that students who satisfy the College Liberal Education Requirements (CLER) will also satisfy the All-University Liberal Education Requirements (AULER). See College requirements and courses meeting AULER/CLER requirements.
Minimum 30 semester hours above the 100-level, where History is the primary major.
All majors must maintain a grade point average of at least 2.0 in history courses to qualify for a degree in history.
The department divides its undergraduate offerings into three fields (see courses listed below): Western Europe, United States, and the Wider World. For the primary major, the minimum of 30 semester hours must include 12 semester hours at the 200-level with no more than 6 hours in the Western European field; 12 semester hours at the 300-level, and 6 semester hours at the 500-level, which must include HIS 511a, b, or c (Seminar in Historical Research and Writing). To ensure that each major has breadth in his or her program, of the 30 semester hour minimum a student must take at least 6 hours from each of the three fields (Western Europe, United States, Wider World).
Of the 24-semester hour minimum, a student must take at least 6 hours from each of the three fields. Furthermore, at least 6 hours of the 24-semester hours minimum must be taken at the 500-level.
Field I: Europe
Field II: United States
Field III: Wider World
Individual study courses for the most part; will vary according to subject taught each time: 305, 390, 401, 402, 493
Related Area Requirements
Because history is closely related to many other disciplines, we strongly recommend that history majors consult their advisors about using their liberal education requirements and electives to build a coherent series of cognate courses. Students interested in the various national histories may wish to pursue language and literature courses in the same area; students interested in social and institutional history may wish to pursue courses in the social sciences such as anthropology, sociology, political science, and economics; students interested in cultural and intellectual history will profit by work in philosophy, religious studies, and art and music history.
Electives sufficient to complete the 122 semester hours required for degree.
The History Minor complements majors in a variety of fields, including English, the languages, and the other social sciences. Requirements are flexible to permit students to select courses with the help of their major departments, which will develop and extend their individual interests as expressed in their majors. The minor shall comprise 15-21 semester hours in history; it may include two courses at the 100-level. If six hours of Western Civilization are taken with a team or panel which includes a member of the History Department, three hours may be counted toward the History Minor. Students should register for the History Minor in the History Department Office, 219 McIver Building.
Courses For Undergraduates
203 History of Africa to 1870 (3:3).
Early African empires, the spread of Islam, European exploration, the Atlantic slave trade and its effects, slavery in Africa, white settlement in South Africa. Kriger. [NW, CNW].
204 History of Africa since 1870 (3:3).
Colonial partition, missionaries, wars of resistance, styles of colonial rule, development and underdevelopment, independence movements and de-colonization, neo-colonialism, capitalism and socialism, civil wars, apartheid in South Africa. Kriger. [NW, CNW].
211, 212 The United States: A General Survey (3:3), (3:3).
First semester: to 1865. Second semester: since 1865. [HP, CHP-CMO].
214 Foreign Affairs in World History (3:3).
An intercultural study of the development of foreign affairs from the rise of civilization to the contemporary period. Cooley.
215 The Civilizations of Asia (3:3).
History, institutions, and culture of India, China, and Japan, from earliest times to about 1700. Limited reference to Southeast Asia, Central Asia, and Korea. Cooley. [NW, CNW].
216 The Civilizations of Asia (3:3).
Impact of West on Asia and Asia's response; development of nationalism and Communism. Focus is on India, China, and Japan in nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Cooley. [NW, CNW].
217, 218 The World in the Twentieth Century (3:3), (3:3).
Major developments which shaped contemporary world, with emphasis on two world wars, Russian and Chinese revolutions, emergence of a third world of new nations, and impact of modernization and mass culture. First semester: 1900 to 1939. Second semester: since 1939.
220 The Ancient World (3:3).
Early civilizations: Near Eastern, Egyptian, Greek, and Roman to Reign of Constantine. Ruzicka. (Same as CCI 220) [HP, CHP-CPM].
221 Medieval Legacy (3:3).
Survey of Western European history from the end of the Roman Empire to the fifteenth century exploring such varied aspects of the medieval experience as pilgrimage, crusade, peasant life, the emergence of national states, and the rise of the university. [HP, CHP-CPM].
222 Europe 1400-1789 (3:3).
Survey of major socio-economic, political, and cultural trends in Europe from the Renaissance to the French Revolution. [HP, CHP-CPM].
223 Modern Europe (3:3).
Survey of major socio-economic, political, and cultural trends in Europe from the French Revolution to the present. [HP, CHP-CMO].
239 Latin America: Colonial Period (3:3).
Introduction to the early history of Latin America. Emphasis on the clash of cultures, Indian-Spanish relations, and the structure and mechanisms of empire. [NW, CNW]
240 Latin America: National Period (3:3).
Introduction to the political and economic history of Latin America since independence. Survey covers political dynamics, social transformations, and the evolution of export economics. [NW, CNW].
251, 252 The History of Western Science: A Survey (3:3), (3:3).
Introduction to major developments in the history of Western science. First semester: from antiquity to the Scientific Revolution. Second semester: from 18th to 20th century. Caneva. [HIS 251: HP, CHP-CPM; HIS 252: HP, CHP-CMO].
301 Race and Slavery (3:3).
Examination of the black experience from ancient to modern times, including pre-colonial Africa, the Atlantic slave trade, slavery in the Americas with special emphasis on the United States before 1865. Schweninger. [HP, CHP-CMO].
302 Race and Segregation (3:3).
Race and segregation in the United States since the Civil War, including the origins of Jim Crow laws, civil rights movement, black urbanization, the Harlem Renaissance, black nationalism, and the black experience in America. Schweninger. [HP, CHP-CMO].
303 South Africa and Its Neighbors (3:3).
Early African societies and states, slave trade and slavery, European settlement and expansion, mineral revolution, colonialism and independence in Zimbabwe, Angola, Mozambique, Namibia; apartheid and African nationalism in South Africa.
304 Women in African History (3:3).
The contributions of African women to society, politics, and economic growth from the pre-colonial era to the present; how Islam, slavery, colonialism, and modern developments have affected African women. Kriger.
305 Special Topics (3:3).
Special Topics in history not other wise covered at the undergraduate level.
306 A History of Islam in Africa (3:3).
Examines opportunities, challenges, and threats presented by Islam, and varying ways individual Africans and their communities have responded to it since the 7th century.
307, 308 The World in Our Time (3:3), (3:3).
World developments since 1945. First semester: through 1960. Second semester: since 1960.
311 Darwin and the Theory of Evolution (3:3).
Study of the background, genesis, and reception of Darwin's theory in its scientific and social context as the basis for an examination of the nature and scope of scientific explanations. Caneva. [AE, CAE].
315 Witchcraft and Magic in European History (3:3).
Examination of witchcraft beliefs and persecution as a way of studying the social history of Europe before industrialization. Emphasizes the "Witch Craze" of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Bilinkoff.
320 Central American History (3:3).
The political structure and economies of the Central American republics from 1821 to 1979. Emphasis on political competition under the strain of forced expansion and the dynamics of agrarian relations.
321 Latin America and the United States (3:3).
A history of inter-American relations from the Monroe Doctrine to the Caribbean Basin Initiative. An examination of traditional interpretations and contemporary arguments and the Latin American context and perspective.
327 American Cultural History (3:3).
Using paintings, houses, literature, radio, television and other materials, this course explores the creation and development of American culture from early settlement through the twentieth century. [HP, CHP-CMO].
328 Women in American History, Part I (3:3).
A history of women in the U.S. from colonial times through the Civil War. Topics include roles, status, image, family, work, and racial and class differences in experience. Enstad.
329 Women in American History, Part II (3;3).
A history of women in the U.S. since the Civil War. Topics, include roles, status, image, family, work, and racial and class differences in experience. Enstad.
330 The Family in American History (3:3).
Relating the family to other major elements of American society and culture - households and communities, the market economy, the democratic ethos, and urbanization. Introduction of students to genealogical, oral, and traditional historical research into the history of particular families, including their own.
335 The American Colonial Period, 1607-1763 (3:3).
Selected topics pertaining to development of colonies to eve of American Revolution. Hunter. [HP, CHP-CMO].
336 The Age of the Democratic Revolution, 1764-1789 (3:3).
The politics, social structure, warfare, and ideology of the American Revolution set against the background of early modern European thought and modern American constitutional development. Calhoon. [HP, CHP-CMO].
337 The Age of Jefferson and Jackson, 1789-1848 (3:3).
A study of American History, 1789-1848, including examination of political events and politicians, economic and social trends and developments, and growth of sectionalism. Clowse.
338 Civil War, Reconstruction, and Reunion, 1848-1896 (3:3).
American history from the end of the Mexican War to the Bryan campaign, centering on the slavery controversy, Civil War and Reconstruction, industrialization, urbanization, and agrarian problems.
339 War, Society, and Reform: America, 1896-1945 (3:3).
Examines the impact during the first half of the twentieth century of two world wars, reform, industrialization, the changing status of women and minorities, and the emergence of mass culture. Link.
340 The United States since World War II (3:3).
Recent American society, focusing on such critical issues as McCarthyism, rise of radical right, civil rights struggle, new feminism, and student radicalism. D'Emilio, Lawson.
343 The Old South (3:3).
Economy, society, and polity of the South from colonial times to the Civil War. The institution of slavery. Emphasis on period 1820-1860.
344 The New South (3:3).
Southern history from Reconstruction to the present. Emphasis on race, politics, agriculture, and industry.
347 History of North Carolina (3:3).
History of North Carolina from its colonial origins to the twentieth century, including the evolution of its political system, economy, social structure, and culture. Link, Hatcher.
349 The World at War, 1914-1945 (3:3).
Study of the two world wars of this century. Emphasis upon socio/political systems responsible for the wars; military systems which fought them; and impact of the wars on the world. Cassell.
351 History of Greece, 2000 B.C.-31 B.C. (3:3).
Mycenaean society, Greek "dark ages," colonization and tyranny, Athens and Sparta, flowering in the fifth and fourth centuries, conquests of Alexander, Hellenistic empires, and the diffusion of Greek civilization. Ruzicka. (Same as CCI 351)
353 Athens in the Fifth Century B.C. (3:3).
Study of the social and political history of Athens in the fifth century B.C. Pr. 209 or 351 or permission of instructor. Ruzicka. (Same as CCI 353)
354 The Roman Republic, 754 B.C.-44 B.C. (3:3).
Study of the social and political forces that led to Rome's conquest of the Mediterranean World - and of the transformation which world conquest wrought on Rome itself. Topics covered include: the Roman Constitution and politics, the Roman conquest of Italy and then of the whole Mediterranean, and the decline of the Republic. Ruzicka. (Same as CCI 354)
355 The Roman Empire, 44 B.C-337 A.D. (3:3).
Survey of politics and society at Rome under the Empire, when Rome dominated Western Civilization. Topics covered include: Augustus and the rise of one-man rule at Rome, the long "Roman Peace" and the civilizing of Europe under the Emperors, the rise of Christianity, and the transformed Empire of Constantine the Great. Ruzicka. (Same as CCI 355)
357 Renaissance and Reformation in Europe (3:3).
History of the period 1350-1600 in which profound social, intellectual, and religious change transformed European society. Examination in depth of great writers and thinkers of the period, such as Petrarch, Machiavelli, Luther, Calvin, and Loyola, as well as the political and socio-economic context in which they flourished. Bilinkoff. [HP, CHP-CPM].
358 Medieval Universities (3:3).
Background, origin, and contributions of the medieval schools and universities to western intellectual history from 1110-1400.
359 Sexuality in Historical Perspective (3:3).
Survey of the history of sexuality since the 17th century, with emphasis on America. Topics include agrarian sexual patterns, the impact of industrialization, Victorianism, birth control, the effects of Freud, and the 20th century "sexual revolution." D'Emilio.
360 The Structure of Scientific Change: Topics in the History of Science (3:3).
In-depth examination of selected topics to elucidate the nature of scientific change. Representative topics: Thomas Kuhn's image of science; the Chemical Revolution; evolution; relativity. Caneva. [AE, CAE].
361 The Ottoman Empire and Republic of Turkey (3:3).
Study of the rise, fall, and rebirth of Turkish power in the eastern Mediterranean from the thirteenth century to the present. Saab. [NW, CNW].
363 European Economic History (3:3). Pr. ECO 201.
Study of the evolution of European economies from early modern times to the twentieth century. Emphasis on sources of growth: trade, migration, industry, technical change, labor, and capital. (Same as ECO 363) Snowden.
364 The French Revolutionary Era (3:3).
France in the age of the French Revolution, including the old regime, Enlightenment, narrative and interpretive treatment of the Revolution. Mazgaj.
365 Modern France (3:3).
Social, political, and cultural forces that shaped France through the Third Republic, World Wars, rise of communism and fascism, Occupation and Resistance, postwar Fourth and Fifth Republics. Mazgaj.
366 The Origins of Modern Political Thought (3:3).
The development of the major Western political traditions (republicanism, liberalism, conservatism) from the Renaissance to the American and French Revolutions with emphasis on the historical context. Mazgaj. [AE, CAE].
368 Medieval Thought and Learning from 300 to 1500 (3:3).
A survey of the formation of a medieval intellectual tradition and its institutional expression in the Latin West from late Roman times to the sixteenth century. [HP, CHP-CPM].
369 History of Spain (3:3).
Exploration of major themes in Spanish history, including the concept of crusade, the experience of empire, and struggle for religious, ethnic, and political unity. Focuses on Spain during its "Golden Age" (1500-1700). Bilinkoff. [HP, CHP-CPM].
370 Revolutions in 20th Century Latin America (3:3).
Comparative history of revolution in twentieth-century Bolivia, Cuba, Guatemala, Mexico, and Nicaragua.
371 Europe since 1920 (3:3).
Domestic developments, internal policies, and international relations of major countries of Europe, from Treaty of Versailles to present, with special attention to origins of World War II. Saab.
373 English History to 1660 (3:3).
Origins and evolution of English culture and English constitution. Melton. [HP, CHP-CPM].
374 English History since 1660 (3:3).
Continuation of 373. May be taken separately. Melton. [HP, CHP-CMO].
375 Germany in the Nineteenth Century, 1800-1914 (3:3).
Examination of German social and political structures and their functioning between 1800 and outbreak of World War I. Attendant emphasis placed upon cultural and intellectual issues which illuminate German (and European) culture of the nineteenth century. Schleunes.
376 German History, 1914-1945 (3:3).
German social and political structures and their functioning during World War I, Weimar Republic, and Third Reich with attendant emphasis on cultural and intellectual themes. Schleunes.
377 Russian History to 1900 (3:3).
Introduction to old Russia of Kiev and Muscovy, followed by a more intensive survey of eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. MacKenzie. [NW, CNW].
378 Russian History since 1900 (3:3).
End of Tsarist Empire, Revolution of 1917 and its aftermath, Soviet Union under Stalin, and recent developments. MacKenzie.
379 Russia in World Politics Since 1815 (3:3).
Major problems in Russian and Soviet foreign relations since Crimean War. MacKenzie.
380 Terrorism, Nationalism and Revolution in Modern Europe (3:3).
Development of terrorism, secret societies and revolutionary movements related to nationalism in Europe, from 1789 to the 1950s. Special emphasis on Russia and Serbia. MacKenzie.
381 The Near and Middle East (3:3).
Emphasizes developments since World War I. Saab. [NW, CNW].
383 Chinese History to 1800 (3:3).
Early Chinese Civilization: Imperial Period; first dynasties; Early Modern China. Cooley. [NW, CNW].
384 The Modern Transformation of China: 1800 to Present Day (3:3).
Coming of Europeans; decline of imperial institutions to 1870; Western impact and Chinese reforms, 1870-1945; contemporary China. Cooley. [NW, CNW].
385 Japanese History to 1867, Izanagi and Izanami to Emperor Meiji (3:3).
Creation myths - archaeological record, warrior aristocracy under Chinese veneer, Japanese feudalism: Shoguns, daimyo samurai, servants of Christ, diplomats, seclusion, and civil war. Cooley. [NW, CNW].
386 Creating Modern Japan, 1867 to the Present (3:3).
Meiji Restoration and the West, Radical Nationalism, Parliamentary government, World War II from Manchurian Incident through MacArthur. Present day Japan. Cooley. [NW, CNW].
389 History of Politics and Society in West Africa (3:3).
Civilizations and empires before 1500; the Atlantic slave trade and its effects; stateless societies; kingdoms, politics, and society, 1500-1900; Islam and Christianity; European colonialism; African resistance; independence movements. [NW, CNW].
390 History Internship (3). Pr. consent of department head.
Field learning experience in public or applied history. Academic supervision provided by job supervisor. Assigned reading and written reports.
391 The Holy Roman Empire (3:3).
The Holy Roman Empire, later known as Germany, from its origin to its destruction by Napoleon. Focus on Christianization of Germany, medieval monarchy, Reformation, Thirty Years War, rise of Prussia. Schleunes.
392 The Holocaust; History and Meaning (3:3).
This course examines the history of the Nazi Holocaust during World War II and explores a variety of meanings intellectual and artistic that have been imposed upon it. Schleunes.
393 Medieval Church and State (3:3).
Course examines origins, elaboration, and impact of political thought in the West as it arose out of the ongoing transformation of the medieval church and state from circa 300-1500.
397 Modern European Thought (3:3).
Intellectual and cultural history from the Enlightenment through Modernism. Emphasizes origins and maturation of Western ideological traditions with extended treatment of selected figures and themes (e.g., Marx and Nietzsche). Mazgaj. [HP, CHP-CMO].
398 Contemporary European Thought (3:3).
Intellectual and cultural history from Modernism to the present. Emphasizes relation between culture and politics with extended treatment of selected figures and themes (e.g., Camus and Sartre). Mazgaj.
401, 402 Individual Study (1 to 3), (1 to 3).
Directed program of reading or research. Available to qualified students upon the recommendation of an instructor and approval of department head.
493 Honors Work (3-6). See prerequisites under Honors Program, XXX 493.
Courses For Advanced Undergraduates and Graduate Students
Prerequisite for ALL 500-level courses: either the completion of six hours of 300-level History courses or the permission of the instructor.
502 African American History: Selected Topics (3).
Examination of selected topics in black history including African beginnings, slavery, racial attitudes, and civil rights. Schweninger.
505 Introduction to Archival Management (3:3). Pr. consent of instructor.
Principles of archival management, featuring both classroom instruction in archival theory and practical experience in manuscript repositories and public and private archives. (Same as LIS 505)
508 Latin America: Selected Topics (3:3). Pr. one course in Latin American history or consent of instructor.
A study of select political and economic developments from a historical perspective. Topics include an examination of Hispanic democracy, the evolution of the military, and land tenure. Seminar format.
510 Historiography (3:3).
History of historical writing from Old Testament times to 19th century, with some attention to the philosophy of history and the development of the historical profession. Readings in major historians from Herodotus to Ranke.
511a,b,c Seminar in Historical Research and Writing (3:3), (3:3), (3:3). Pr. permission of instructor.
Locating and using historical source materials, written and oral, published and unpublished. 511a: American; 511b: European; and 511c: Wider World.
512 The Preservation of the American Past (3:3).
A history of America's past through museums (indoor and outdoor); collections and their interpretation; exhibitions and park and wilderness areas.
515 American Diplomatic History: The Twentieth Century (3:3).
Emphasis on most important crises and making of basic policy decisions from Spanish American war to present.
517 American Economic History: Colonial Times to 1865 (3:3). Pr. ECO 201 or consent of instructor.
Evolution of the American economy through the Civil War. Emphasis on sources of economic growth and economic welfare. (Same as ECO 517) Snowden.
518 American Economic History: 1865 to Present (3:3). Pr. ECO 201 or consent of instructor.
Evolution of the American economy from the Civil War to the present. Emphasis on economic performance through time measured against the goals of full employment, price stability, and rapid growth. (Same as ECO 518) Snowden.
520 Southern History: Selected Topics (3:3).
Selected topics in the history of the American South from the colonial origins to our time. Examples include politics, education, economic development, reform, race, and gender.
522 Early American History: Selected Topics (3:3).
Varying topics in early American history including settlement, economic development, Puritanism, the Great Awakening, slavery, ethnicity, and pre-Revolutionary politics.
524 Twentieth Century U.S. History: Selected Topics (3:3).
Varying topics in twentieth century U.S. history including Progressive Era, World War I, the 1920s, the Great Depression and New Deal, World War II, McCarthyism, Civil Rights Movement, Vietnam War, the 1960s.
526 The Civil War and Reconstruction: Selected Topics (3:3).
Causes of the Civil War. Military events and developments on the home front in wartime, North and South. Reconstruction policy in Washington and its implementation in the South.
530 History of Sexuality: Selected Topics (3:3). Pr. for undergraduates, HIS 359 or the permission of the instructor.
Intensive exploration of critical themes in the history of sexuality, including such issues as fertility control, sexual identity, and sexual politics.
538 South America (3:3). Pr. one course in Latin American history or consent of instructor.
A comparative study of the political and economic history of select countries. Emphasis on the variety of the Latin American experience; similarities and differences among the republics. Concentration on late nineteenth century to 1974. Seminar format.
540 Middle America (3:3). Pr. one course in Latin American history or consent of instructor.
An investigation into the history of Mexico and Central America. Emphasis on the political and economic developments in Mexico, 1876-1976, with special attention to the Revolution, and on the late nineteenth century to 1979 in Central America. Seminar format.
541 Ancient World: Selected Topics (3:3).
Varying topics in ancient Near Eastern, Greek, and Roman history, including politics and public rituals, patterns of social organization, ancient slavery, cross-cultural interactions. (Same as CCI 541)
542 Middle Ages: Selected Topics (3:3).
Varying topics in medieval culture and society chosen from the broad categories of political, social, economic, intellectual, or religious history.
543 Historic Preservation: Principles and Practice (3:3). Pr. HID 221, 222, or permission of instructor.
Study of change in historic preservation theory and practice since the 1800s with emphasis on preservation of built environment. Development of philosophical approach for designers to contemporary preservation projects. (Same as HID 543)
544 Early Modern Europe: Selected Topics (3:3).
Varying topics in early modern European history, including Renaissance cities, Protestant Reformation, Catholic Reformation, court cultures, impact of printing, gender and identity and the Age of Discovery.
545a,b Southern History and Southern Material Culture in a Museum Context (3), (3). Pr. consent of instructor. Students selected by individual application.
Combination of southern history and material culture with a museum practicum. Offered each summer at the Museum of Early Southern Decorative Arts in Winston-Salem.
546 American Cultural History: Selected Topics (3:3).
Varying topics in the creation and development of American culture including the role of technology, environment, ethnic diversity, and the history of ideas. (SP)
548 Architectural Conservation (3:3). Pr. HID 332, 301, or permission of instructor.
Overview of contemporary architectural conservation principles, practice and technology. A series of field exercises, group projects and investigation of an individual research topic expand upon lectures and readings. (Same as HID 548)
549 American Social History: Family and Religion (3:3).
American social history from the eve of colonization to Reconstruction, the family and communal organization of early American society, and the assumptions about human nature and destiny underlying culture and change.
551 Gender and History: Selected Topics (3:3).
Varying topics in Gender and History including Gender and Popular Culture; Gender, Labor, Race, and Class; History of Masculinity.
560 Nineteenth-Century Europe: Selected Topics (3:3).
Selected topics address comparative political, social, and economic development of major European states and changing power relationships from the defeat of Napoleon to the end of the First World War.
562 Twentieth Century Europe: Selected Topics (3:3).
Topics in 20th century European history including World War I, its impact on European thought and culture, the origins of World War II, the movement for European Unity, the Cold War.
563 Early Modern England: Selected Topics (3:3).
Varying topics in early modern British history, including the Protestant Reformation, political revolutions and economic and social change.
564 Modern Britain: Selected Topics (3:3).
Varying topics in modern British history such as the industrial revolution, parliamentary reform, loss of one empire and the creation of a second, World War I and II.
567 French History: Selected Topics (3:3).
Study of specific themes and/or problem areas in French History.
571 Modern European Thought: Selected Topics (3:3).
Study of selected themes and/or problems in European intellectual and cultural history.
574 Modern Germany: Selected Topics (3:3).
Varying topics in modern German history including the Third Reich, Germany during World War I, Bismarckian Germany, ideology in Germany.
575 Modern Russian History: Selected Topics (3:3).
Varying topics in modern Russian history, including "Great Reforms, " industrialization, revolutionary movement, Marxism-Leninism, tsarist and Soviet foreign policy, Soviet politics, post-World War II changes, Gorbachev era, and end of Soviet Union.
577 Eastern Europe: Selected Topics (3:3).
Varying topics in modern east European history including partitioned Poland and national reawakening, the Czechs, Balkan nationalism, modern Serbian nationalist groups such as "The Black Hand."
581 African History: Selected Topics (3:3).
Varying topics in African history including Central African Kingdoms, Pre-colonial West African Kingdoms, "Stateless" Societies of Africa.
587 Southern African Kingdoms, 1780-1897 (3:3).
The rise and decline of African nations in nineteenth-century southern Africa: state formation, economics and social change; historical methodology and the use of oral sources.
588 East Asian History: Selected Topics (3:3).
Varying history in East Asian history: a detailed examination of specific social, economic, political and intellectual facets of Chinese, Korean and Japanese history.
Please refer to The Graduate School Bulletin for additional graduate level courses.