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Department of Anthropology (ATY)

College of Arts & Sciences

426 Graham Building

(336) 334-5132


Accelerated Masters Program | Anthropology as a Second Major | Anthropology Courses (ATY) | Anthropology Major | Anthropology Minor | Anthropology with Teacher Licensure in Social Studies | Honors in Anthropology


Joseph B. Mountjoy, Professor and Head of Department

Professors Baber, Bartel, Fitzgerald, Helms; Associate Professor Sandford; Adjunct Professor Hoffman; Assistant Professor Andreatta; Adjunct Assistant Professor Jackson; Lecturers Bogdan, Bruner

Anthropology is a broad discipline which includes physical anthropology the study of humans as biological animals; cultural anthropology the study of humankind in a cultural perspective; archaeology the recovery and interpretation of ancient human biological and cultural remains; and linguistics the study of language in culture and society.

The general undergraduate major provides for extensive study in cultural anthropology, archaeology, linguistics, and physical anthropology. Majors who develop a particular interest in one of the subdisciplines may pursue a concentration in that area up to a maximum of 60 hours. Majors have opportunities to develop mentoring relationships with members of the faculty on current research projects as well as fieldwork projects. Internships in various agencies are also available.

Anthropology as a major prepares individuals to pursue many avenues of career development. It is the basis for a career as a professional anthropologist. Anthropology combined with other courses of study as double majors enhances career possibilities and professional development. There are, however, increasing opportunities for anthropologists to work in government agencies and business. In such settings, the knowledge which they have may be applied to the solution of human problems.

Through the accelerated master's program, an anthropology major may earn both a master's degree in a related field and a bachelor's degree in anthropology in approximately five years. Majors must begin planning early in this program as well as obtaining careful advising. Opportunities exist for an MA in Economics and a Masters of Business Administration.


Anthropology Major
Degree: Bachelor of Arts

Required: 122 semester hours, to include at least 36 hours at or above the 300 course level

AOS Code: U101

The General Anthropology Major provides training in human biological, social and behavioral science within the broader framework of a liberal arts education. The program presents a holistic view of the nature of humans in society, past and present, through courses in linguistics, prehistory, physical anthropology, and cultural anthropology. It provides a solid foundation for both a basic liberal arts education as well as for one of the concentrations in anthropology.

College of Arts and Sciences Liberal Education Requirements (CLER) (54-55 hours)

All students must meet the All-University Liberal Education Requirements (AULER). The College of Arts and Sciences, however, has established liberal education requirements for its programs which, while including those of AULER, contain additional requirements in several categories. Therefore, students following this program should adhere to the College requirements. Please note that students who satisfy the College Liberal Education Requirements (CLER) will also satisfy the All-University Liberal Education Requirements (AULER). See a complete description of the College requirements and courses meeting AULER/CLER requirements.

Many of the anthropology courses listed as AULER and CLER courses also count towards the anthropology major:

Analytic & Evaluative Studies (AE, CAE): ATY 213, 360
Natural & Life Science (NS, CLS): ATY 253, 331
Non-Western Studies (NW, CNW) ATY 100, 325, 330, 333, 335, 337, 345
Social & Behavioral Science (SB, CSB): ATY 212, 258

Major Requirements

Minimum 24 semester hours in anthropology above the 100-level to include the following.

Core Courses
  1. ATY 213, 253, 360, 387, 411
  2. Two courses at the 400 or 500 level
  3. Electives to complete the major requirements

Although not a requirement beyond the 24 hours minimum, majors may choose to take additional courses in general anthropology. The additional courses may also be in one of the subdisciplines:

  • Archaeology
  • Ethnology
  • Linguistic Anthropology
  • Physical Anthropology

Majors in consultation with a faculty member in the subdiscipline will select the appropriate courses.

Related Area Requirements

Majors who follow a plan for one of the accelerated master's programs should satisfy the related area requirements for that program.


Electives sufficient to complete the 122 semester hours required for degree.

Honors in Anthropology


Six semester hours to consist of:

  • 3 hours of ATY 493 (Honors Work) or ATY 595 (Contemporary Issues in Anthropological Theory)
  • 3 hours of HSS 490 (Senior Thesis or Project) directed or co-directed by a member of the Anthropology Department.


  • Enrollment in and successful completion of the University Honors Program
  • A declared Anthropology Major
  • Maintenance of at least a 3.3 overall GPA


The designation "Honors in Anthropology" will be printed on the student's official transcript.

Anthropology as a Second Major

Required: minimum of 24 semester hours

Because of its holistic approach to human behavior, anthropology connects with many other disciplines both academically and professionally. Completion of anthropology as a second major is a good choice for students in interdepartmental programs in archaeology, linguistics, international studies, social studies, as well as programs in nutrition, history, classical studies, religious studies, geography, environmental studies, biology, women's studies, public health and African American studies. Students who double major in anthropology and another discipline must complete all major requirements in both areas as well as the general requirements for the degree which they are seeking.

Anthropology Minor

Required: minimum of 15 semester hours

All minors are required to take ATY 212. In addition they must select a minimum of 12 hours at the 200 level or above. The following suggested course sequences may be of interest to students pursuing specific majors and with certain career objectives.

  1. General Anthropology ATY 213, 253, 360 387, 411
  2. Ethnology/Ethnography especially useful for majors in social studies, history, geography, economics, and international studies. Courses recommended include ATY 213, 325, 330, 333, 335, 337, 371 and 476
  3. Linguistics especially useful for majors in language arts, a foreign language, English, deaf education, speech pathology, social studies, and international studies. Course recommended include ATY 385, 387, 585, and 587.
  4. Archaeology especially useful for majors in classical studies, geography, and environmental studies. Courses recommended include ATY 253, 258, 360, 362, 533, and 553.
  5. Physical Anthropology especially useful for majors in archaeology, biology, chemistry, nutrition, and psychology. Courses recommended include ATY 253, 331, 553, 555, and 559.

Students in consultation with a member of the department may plan a minor to enhance their career objectives as they choose. They may also take approved independent study courses or approved selected topics courses.

Anthropology with Teacher Licensure in Social Studies

AOS Code: U102

Students majoring in anthropology may seek Initial "A" teacher licensure in comprehensive social studies with an endorsement in anthropology. Completion of licensure requirements will allow majors to teach Social Studies as well as anthropology in secondary school. Please see Teacher Education Programs for complete requirements. Many of the requirements for licensure satisfy liberal education requirements in the college as well as for the major and the Social Studies requirements. Majors who wish to pursue "A" licensure in social studies should consult with the departmental Social Studies committee representative.

Accelerated Master's Programs
for Anthropology Majors

Interested students should see Accelerated Master's Programs for Undergraduates for details about the BA in Anthropology/MBA or MA in Economics program requirements.

Anthropology Courses (ATY)

For Undergraduates

100 Contemporary Non-Western Cultures (3:3).


  • Freshmen only.

A survey of contemporary non-Western societies which emphasizes their distinctive cultural characteristics and how these relate to changes taking place in the world today.

201 Man in Nature (3:3).

Anthropology's answers to the question, "What is Man?" A basic understanding of the human condition, i.e., man and his place in nature. Anthropology and human problems.

212 General Anthropology (3:3).


  • Open to freshmen.

Survey of general anthropology. Includes an inquiry into human origins, prehistory and comparative study of culture.

213 Cultural Anthropology (3:3).


Cultural anthropology attempts to stimulate interest in basic questions about human nature and human adaptation, including major theoretical approaches, the nature of field work, and an examination of selected topics.

253 Introduction to Physical Anthropology (3:2:3).


Study of human biological variation and evolution; includes contrasting non-human primate traits, fossil man, population genetics of racial formation, individual growth and development and human engineering.

258 World Prehistory (3:3).


Development of culture from its paleolithic beginnings through the rise of early civilizations.

325 Race and Culture Contact in the Caribbean (3:3).


Types of social systems and cultural patterns in the West Indies arising from relations between Europeans, West Africans, and Asians, with implications for development, social change and identity.

330 Cultures of North American Indians (3:3).


Traditional ways of life of indigenous people of North America.

331 Human Variation (3:3).


Physical differences within and between human populations: their source and effect.

333 Latin American Societies and Cultures (3:3).


Tribal and peasant groups with special emphasis on their place in contemporary Latin America.

335 Cultures of Africa (3:3).


Study of the peoples of Africa emphasizing family organization, religion, political organization, languages and urbanism. Includes a study of African novelists.

337 Cultures of the Pacific (3:3).


Ethnographic study of Pacific cultures, focusing on language, physical characteristics, psychology and culture contact.

348 Man and the Future (3:3).

Role of anthropology in understanding human problems of today and tomorrow. Emphasis on the sociocultural dimension of human problems and their solutions.

357 Monkeys, Apes, and Humans (3:3).

An overview of primatology the study of prosimians, monkeys, apes, and humans. Involves in-depth study of selected primates as well as discussion of major theoretical issues and ways in which the study of nonhuman primate behavior helps illuminate human evolutionary history.

360 Method and Theory in Modern Archaeology (3:3).


Analysis and evaluation of methods, theories and concepts necessary for recovery and interpretation of cultural information about past societies relevant for anthropological goals. Includes issues of historiography, epistemology and ethics.

378 Historical Archaeology Field Techniques (3:0:6).

Archaeological excavation of historic period sties. Techniques of excavation, recording, surveying, and artifact analysis.

385 Language and Culture (3:3).

A survey of verbal and nonverbal behavior cross-culturally. Emphasis on the use of language in the speech community, gestures, body languages, expressive behavior, verbal art and language learning.

387 Modern Linguistics (3:3).

Systematic investigation of the general properties of language, the universal properties found in all languages, and the specific properties of the grammars of individual languages. Includes linguistic differences found in selected dialects of American English.

411 History of Anthropological Theory (3:3).

Developments in history of Western thought and study of culture leading to the emergence of anthropology as a scientific field.

462 Archaeology of the Southeastern United States (3:3).

Investigation of Indian cultural development in the United States from the Mississippi River Basin to the Atlantic Coast, from earliest evidence to the European Contact Period, with special emphasis on the context of the East in the archaeology of North America and North Carolina as a part of the East. Involves some field trips and/or laboratory experience.

476 Methods in Data Collection and Analysis in Cultural Anthropology (3:3).

Review and discussion of major methodological principles and techniques used in anthropology. (Alt SU) (Formerly ATY 477)

478 Field Methods in Archaeology (3:3).

Pr. permission of instructor.

Methods, techniques and theories of archaeological field investigation. Includes site survey, mapping, systematic sampling and controlled excavation.

479 Analysis of Archaeological Data (3:3).

Pr. permission of instructor.

Instruction on proper treatment of material recovered through archaeological investigation. Includes classification, statistical manipulation of data, seriation, and analysis of spatial and temporal dimensions. Attention to special analytical techniques (e.g., C14 dating, chemical analysis, faunal analysis) with stress on ecological interpretation.

480 Ethnographic Field Methods in Cultural Anthropology (4:3:6).

Pr. 476 or permission of instructor.

Course applies qualitative research techniques (fieldnotes, participant and casual observations, interviews, data interpretation), and statistical techniques that supplement ethnographic description and analysis at field sites. (Alt SU)

493 Honors Work (3-6).

Pr. see Honors Program, XXX 493.

  • May be repeated for credit if the topic of study changes.

497, 498 Special Problems in Anthropology (1 to 3), (1 to 3).

Pr. permission of faculty member with whom student wishes to work.

Opportunity for students to have directed instruction on problems of special interest.


For Advanced Undergraduates and Graduate Students

501, 502 Selected Topics in Anthropology (3:3), (3:3).

Pr. major in anthropology or permission of instructor.

  • May be repeated for credit when topic varies.

Opportunity for advanced students to study in depth topic or issue of special interest.

520 Economic Anthropology (3:3).

Pr. 212, 213, or 3 hours of social science.

An analysis of the economic organization of tribal and peasant peoples with special attention given to their participation in a world economy; emphasis is on economic models of social change.

524 Applied Anthropology (3:3).

Application of anthropological method and theory in situations of directed sociocultural change.

526 Anthropological Perspectives on Food and Agriculture (3:3).

Pr. 213

Examines the linkages among food producers, marketing strategies, and natural resource use in different cultures, and explores the influence of agriculture on society and the environment. (Alt SP)

529 Culture Change (3:3).

Development of culture and analysis of acculturation stemming from contacts of peoples of different cultural heritages.

531 Latin American Culture (3:3).

  • Not open for credit to graduate students in anthropology.

Development of Latin American culture, its characteristics, variations, and significance. Directed especially toward present and future teachers.

533 Archaeology of Mexico (3:3).

Pr. permission of instructor.

Major prehispanic cultural developments in Mexico with emphasis on internal cultural change (from early man to rise of great civilizations such as Aztec and Maya) and relationships with adjacent areas.

547 Belief and Value Systems (3:3).

Examination of sacred and secular beliefs in cross-cultural perspective. Emphasis on symbols, ritual, and their functions.

550 Anthropological Examination of Sex Roles (3:3).

Nature and variations in sex roles, emphasizing female roles. Biological and sociocultural determinants of role differences.

553 Human Identification (3:2:3).

Pr. 253 or 3 hours of biological science.

Anthropological study of aspects of the human body that includes identification of individual bone and fragments, sex differences, age changes in bone and teeth, dermatoglyphics, ABO blood groups, paleopathology, and somatology of living individuals.

555 Human Evolution (3:3).

Pr. 253 or 3 hours of biological science.

Biological and cultural evolution of humans from prehuman forms.

557 Primate Behavior (3:3).

Pr. 253 or permission of instructor.

An overview of primatology and of methods for studying the behavior of prosimians, monkeys, and apes. Involves experience in data collection, computerized data analysis, and producing a scientific report.

559 Disease and Nutrition in Ancient Populations (3:3).

Pr. 253 or FNS 213 or 3 hours of biological science.

Evaluation of past disease and nutritional status using skeletal remains and other tissues. Topics include differential diagnosis of pathology. Analysis of mummified material, and chemical methods of dietary reconstruction.

560 Anthropology and the Teaching of World Studies (3:3).

  • Not open to undergraduate majors in anthropology.

Concept of culture as a foundation for teaching about cultures. Related anthropological concepts and their significance for social studies. Objectives in teaching world studies. Anthropological materials and resources for social studies teacher.

571 Ethnographic Methods (3:3).

Pr. graduate status or advanced undergraduate in Anthropology, Geography, History, Political Science, or Sociology.

A guide to the conduct of ethnographic research; an introduction to culture theory, the elements or research design, data collection and analysis, and the sociological significance of an interpretative paradigm.

576 Culture and Personality (3:3).

Cross-cultural analysis of effect and influence of culture and group membership on development of personality.

583 Culture and Society (3:3).

  • Not open for credit to anthropology majors.
  • May not be taken for credit by students who have prior credit for ATY 213.

Concepts of culture and society and their employment in understanding human behavior in a cross-cultural context.

585 Social Dialects (3:3).

Consideration of differences in social dialects (speech patterns) among males and females, social classes, regions, and ethnic groups. Includes attitudes about social dialects, models for describing social dialect differences, and consequences of social dialects.

587 Foundations of Linguistic Theory (3:3).

Pr. permission of instructor.

An in depth study of modern linguistic theory and its historical antecedents. An extensive background in a language related discipline is required. Application of linguistic theory will be included.

595 Contemporary Issues in Anthropological Theory (3:3).

Pr. Senior status in anthropology, or permission of instructor.

An analysis of contemporary issues in anthropological theory and in the subfields of anthropology.

597, 598 Special Problems in Anthropology (3), (3).

Pr. permission of faculty member with whom student wishes to work.

Opportunity for advanced students to undertake independent study or research of special interest.


Contact: University Registrar's Office
Registrar, UNCG, PO Box 26170, Greensboro, NC 27402-6170 (336) 334-5946

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